Researching Public Law and Public Policy in the Public Interest


The authors characterize the effects of neighborhoods on children’s earnings and other outcomes in adulthood by studying more than five million families who move across counties in the U.S. They find that growing up in a one SD better county from birth increases a child’s income by approximately 10%. Low-income children are most likely to succeed in counties that have less concentrated poverty, less income inequality, better schools, a larger share of two-parent families, and lower crime rates. Boys’ outcomes vary more across areas than girls, and boys have especially poor outcomes in highly-segregated areas. In urban areas, better areas have higher house prices, but our analysis uncovers significant variation in neighborhood quality even conditional on prices.
Translated into the terminology of structural inequality, what happened in Baltimore says a lot about the geography of opportunity—and the growing intolerance about its disparities.
The Miami-Dade state attorney’s office is combing through more than 150 criminal cases of black suspects arrested by Miami Beach police officers who wrote or received racist emails, the latest in a series of high-profile episodes around the nation that have raised troubling questions about the relations between the police and the communities they serve.
Though I rather doubt that white Brooklyn renters are all so baldly racist as to straight-up demand no black people be allowed in their building, it doesn't make much difference. The main point is that a neighborhood without blacks is more valuable, and that brings tremendous pressure to bear against blacks getting access to housing wealth.
For the past three years, the author has traveled around the city, talking with New Yorkers as they experience gentrification. There is little consensus on the topic — even the word itself is defined differently by each of us. I've spoken with tenants, activists, lawyers, investors, architects, construction workers, real-estate agents, drug dealers, business owners. Many people occupy several of these spaces at once, a fact that underscores just how quickly this conversation becomes complicated.
Location matters – enormously. If you’re poor and live in the New York area, it’s better to be in Putnam County than in Manhattan or the Bronx. Not only that, the younger you are when you move to Putnam, the better you will do on average. Children who move at earlier ages are less likely to become single parents, more likely to go to college and more likely to earn more.
The new world of publicly funded, privately provided human services opens a new discussion about inequality on two fronts: inequality of spatial access to services, and inequality of quality of services. Whereas when services were publicly provided there were institutional avenues for registering dissatisfaction with access, the introduction of private providers adds a level of distance between potential clients and their governments.
Equity and access to opportunity are critical underpinnings of TOGETHER North Jersey’s Regional Plan for Sustainable Development. Therefore, the planning process includes the preparation of this assessment of Fair Housing and Equity in the Northern New Jersey region. As part of the process to develop a Regional Plan for Sustainable Development (RPSD) for the TOGETHER North Jersey planning region, the TNJ Project Team worked with the TOGETHER North Jersey Steering Committee and Standing Committees to conduct a Fair Housing and Equity Assessment (FHEA) for the region, resulting in this report.
This paper will serve not only to describe and critique the limitations and boundaries of school finance litigation, but to shed light on their costs and imagine ways in which available resources could be better mobilized in pursuit of socioeconomic integration in both classrooms and communities.
CLiME Fellow Sarah Fletcher examines the state of fair housing in New Jersey, providing a historical context for the formation of COAH (the Council on Affordable Housing) and an analysis of its administration of the law. Despite over forty years of policy reform to address racial and economic segregation in New Jersey, this paper argues that the state has consistently failed to enforce the law. Concluding with an analysis of how other states have approached fair housing, it offers specific recommendations to implement the Mount Laurel Doctrine. Written just prior to New Jersey's recent decision to re-dedicate the fair share process from COAH to the judiciary, Fletcher's analysis may be a guide to future litigation.